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TitleSolid-state structural evolution of poly (ethylene terephthalate) during step uniaxial stretching from different initial morphologies : an in situ wide angle X-ray scaterring study
Author(s)Todorov, Lyudmil V.
Martins, Carla I.
Viana, J. C.
KeywordsCrystal structures
Issue date2012
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Abstract(s)This work reports an in situ wide-angle Xray scattering (WAXS) study of the structural evolution of PET with distinct initial morphologies during step uniaxial stretching in the solid state. Two types of samples were analyzed under synchrotron X-ray radiation, namely quasi-amorphous (QA) and semicrystalline (SC) (with 2D and 3D order). Results show that initially different QA morphologies evolve following the same stages: (i) stage I (before neck), at almost constant orientation level the amorphous phase evolves into mesophase; (ii) stage II (neck formation), there is a rapid increase of polymer orientation and the appearance of a periodical mesophase from the highly oriented mesophase; (iii) stage III (necking propagation), there is a leveling off of the average polymer orientation together with partial conversion of the periodical mesophase and mesophase into highly oriented amorphous. The behaviors of the two SC morphologies arecompletely distinct. A 2D order crystalline morphology evolves with stretching likewise the QA through three stages: (i) at early stages of deformation the polymer orientation remains unchanged while the amorphous phase amount increases slightly, stage I; (ii) in stage II, a fast increase of polymer orientation is accompanied by large formation of mesophase; and (iii) in stage III there is the level off of polymer orientation as the chains approach their finite extensibility and the 3D crystalline order is achieved. Evolution of SC sample with 3D crystalline order mainly features constant orientation increase together with mesophase increment. Structure deformation models are suggested.
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Appears in Collections:IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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