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TitleQuantifying the third sector in Portugal: an overview and evolution from 1997 to 2007
Author(s)Carvalho, Ana
KeywordsThird sector
Non-profit organizations
Linked employer-employee database
Issue date2010
JournalVoluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 
Abstract(s)This paper presents a global overview of the third sector in Portugal drawing on data from a linked employer-employee database – “Quadros de Pessoal”, which is based on a compulsory annual inquiry to organizations, making it a better source of information than those based on sample surveys and estimates. This study advances on previous overviews by providing more updated numbers for organization size, age, gross revenue and employment levels, as well as their distribution across the ICNPO third sector activity classification. The evolution of these variables from the period 1997-2007 is also analyzed. The Portuguese third sector has been fast growing, with revenues amounting to 5.64% of Portugal’s GDP and employment representing 4% of the country’s employment in 2007. It is mainly composed of very small organizations, with diminutive revenues. Perhaps its most striking features are the uneven distribution of employment and revenue and the strong concentration on Social services.
Publisher versionThe original publication is available at
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:EEG - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica
NEGE - Publicações em Revistas Internacionais (com referee)

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