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TitleAntioxidant potential of two red seaweeds from the Brazilian coasts
Author(s)Souza, Bartolomeu W.S.
Cerqueira, Miguel A.
Martins, Joana T.
Ferreira, António C.
Teixeira, J. A.
Vicente, A. A.
Phenolic content
Issue date2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Abstract(s)In this work, in vitro antioxidant activity of two Brazilian red seaweeds, Gracilaria birdiae and Gracilaria cornea, was characterized. The total phenolic content, the radical-scavenging activity and the antioxidant activity were determined in two solvent extracts of the algae. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC MS/MS) allowed identification of important antioxidant compounds. The ethanol extract of G. birdiae was found to have the highest value of total phenolic content: 1.13 mg of gallic acid equiv (GAE)/g of extract.The radical-scavenging activity of G. birdiae and G. cornea extracts has been evaluated at different extract concentrations; the IC50 values of ethanolic extracts of G. cornea and G. birdiae were 0.77 and 0.76mgmL 1, respectively, while formethanolic extracts, the IC50 values of G. cornea and G. birdiae were 0.86 and 0.76mgmL 1, respectively. The antioxidant activities of these two seaweeds’ extracts as assessed by the ß-carotene linoleic acid assay were equally high, achieving values of ß-carotene oxidation inhibition of up to 40%. Finally, in the methanolic extracts, LC MS/MS allowed identification in both algae of two important antioxidants: apigenin and gallic acid.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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