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TitleCopper oxide nanoparticles can induce toxicity to the freshwater shredder allogamus ligonifer
Author(s)Pradhan, Arunava
Sahadevan, Seena
Pascoal, Cláudia
Cássio, Fernanda
Freshwater shredder
Lethal effect
Sublethal effects
Aqueous and dietary exposure
Feeding behaviour
Issue date2012
Abstract(s)Increased commercialisation of nanometal-based products augments the possibility of their deposition into aquatic ecosystems; this, in turn, may pose risks to aquatic biota and associated ecological functions. Freshwater invertebrate shredders mostly use microbially-colonized plant litter as food resource and play an important role in aquatic detritus food webs. We assessed lethal effects of nanoCuO on the shredder Allogamus ligonifer (Trichoptera, Limnephilidae) by determining the concentration that induced 50% of death (LC50), and sublethal effects of nanoCuO on the feeding behaviour and growth of the shredder by exposing the animals to: (i) stream water supplemented with nanoCuO and microbially-colonized leaves, and (ii) stream water (without nanoCuO) and microbially-colonized leaves pre-exposed to nanoCuO. Results from acute lethal tests showed that the 96 h LC50 of nanoCuO was very high (569 mg L 1). In the absence of nanoparticles, leaf consumption rate was 0.27 mg leaf DM mg 1 animal DM d 1 and the shredder growth rate was 56 lg animal DM mg 1 animal DM d 1. A significant inhibition in leaf consumption rate (up to 47%) and invertebrate growth rate (up to 46%) was observed when shredders were exposed to the higher tested sublethal concentration of nanoCuO (75 mg L 1) through either contaminated stream water or pre-contaminated food. The exposure to increased nanoCuO concentration via water or pre-contaminated food led to higher accumulation of copper in the larval body. Leached water-soluble ionic copper from the nanoCuO adsorbed or accumulated in the shredder (up to 10.2% of total Cu) seemed to influence the feeding behaviour and growth of the shredder.
DescriptionThis article is the submitted version to the journal for peer-review and not the original published version. For the original version please go through the Chemosphere journal (to the link mentioned above).
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DBio - Artigos/Papers

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