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|Title:||Rotationally Molded Polyethylene: Structural Characterization by X-Ray and Microhardness Measurements|
|Author(s):||Cramez, M. C.|
Oliveira, M. J.
Crawford, R. J.
Apostolov, Anton Atanassov
|Publisher:||John Wiley and Sons|
|Journal:||Advances in Polymer Technology|
|Citation:||“Advances in Polymer Technology”. 20:2 (2001) 116–124.|
|Abstract(s):||Rotationally molded polyethylene (PE) blended in two ways (turbo blending and extrusion) with nucleating and nonnucleating pigments is structurally characterized by wide- and small-angle x-ray scattering (WAXS and SAXS, respectively), DSC and microhardness measurements. Morphological observations are performed by polarized light microscopy. The melting temperature and the degree of crystallinity (from both DSC and WAXS) remain essentially constant regardless of sample preparation and type of pigment. The same holds for the crystal sizes from WAXS and the lamella thickness from SAXS. Only the values of microhardness depend on the type of pigment, increasing about 10% when a nucleating type is used. The almost constant values of these properties, contrasting to the spherulitic morphology, are explained by the fact that the processing conditions in rotational molding are very favorable for crystallization. As a consequence, optimal crystalline structure is achieved, which masks significantly the effect of pigments and blending conditions on the crystallization behavior of polyethylene.|
|Access:||Restricted access (UMinho)|
|Appears in Collections:||IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem|
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