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TitleTransvesical natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy with kidney morcellation: a proof of concept study
Author(s)Lima, Estêvão Augusto Rodrigues de
Branco, Frederico
Parente, Joana
Autorino, Riccardo
Pinto, Jorge Correia
Issue dateMay-2012
JournalBJU International
Abstract(s)What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Until now, the transvaginal approach has been the only method of removing larger specimens from the abdominal cavity using natural orifi ce transluminal endoscopic surgery. There has been no means of extracting larger specimens in men and the means are restricted even in women, particularly in young women. The present study shows that the diffi culty of large specimen retrieval can be overcome, irrespective of the diameter of the chosen port, through natural orifi ces using morcellation.
OBJECTIVE To show, in a porcine model, the feasibility of a complete transvesical natural orifi ce transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy with kidney extraction after morcellation through the same port. MATERIALS AND METHODS Transvesical nephrectomy and morcellation were performed in six pigs at Minho University, Braga, Portugal after institutional review board approval. The transvesical port and the cystotomy were created under the guidance of a ureteroscope, while the remaining steps were done under the guidance of an operating telescope. Dissection of the renal vessels and kidney was performed using dissection grasping forceps and a vessel sealing system (LigaSure TM ; Covidien, Mansfi eld, MA, USA) and morcellation was done using a Piranha TM morcellator (Richard Wolf, Knittlingen, Germany). RESULTS There were no complications related to the creation of transvesical access. • The image provided by the telescope was superior to that of the ureteroscope, especially underwater. Morcellation was quick and effective, with the support of a fi xing needle through the abdominal wall, designed to fi x the kidney, after laceration of a bowel loop occurred in the first experiment. It was found that technical improvements are needed to ensure safety of NOTES morcellation. CONCLUSIONS Kidney morcellation after nephrectomy, using a natural orifi ce exclusively, is feasible. • Despite technical limitations, this proof of concept study can be regarded as a potential step towards the application of NOTES in urology.
DescriptionThe authors acknowledge Karl Storz, Richard Wolf and Covidien for their support with equipment.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Papers in international journals

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