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|Title:||Electroreductive intramolecular cyclization of a bromo propargyloxy ester catalyzed by nickel(I) tetramethylcyclam electrogenerated at carbon cathodes in dimethylformamide|
|Author(s):||Esteves, Ana Paula|
Goken, Danielle M.
Klein, Lee J.
Lemos, Maria A.
Medeiros, Maria José
Peters, Dennis G.
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Journal:||The Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Citation:||"The Journal of Organic Chemistry". ISSN 0022-3263. 68 (2003) 1024-1029.|
|Abstract(s):||Cyclic voltammetry and controlled-potential electrolysis have been employed to investigate and characterize the reductive intramolecular cyclization of ethyl 2-bromo-3-(3′,4′-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-propargyloxy-propanoate (1) promoted by (1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane)nickel(I), [Ni(tmc)]+, electrogenerated at glassy carbon cathodes in dimethylformamide containing tetraalkylammonium salts. Cyclic voltammograms for reduction of [Ni(tmc)]2+ in the presence of 1 reveal that [Ni(tmc)]+ catalytically reduces 1 at potentials more positive than those required for direct reduction of 1. During controlled-potential electrolyses of solutions containing [Ni(tmc)]2+ and 1, catalytic reduction of the latter proceeds via one-electron cleavage of the carbon–bromine bond to form a radical intermediate that undergoes cyclization to afford 2-(3′,4′-dimethoxyphenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4-methylene-tetrahydrofuran (2). In the presence of a base (either electrogenerated or deliberately added as potassium tert-butoxide), 2 rearranges to give 2-(3′,4′-dimethoxyphenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran (3). A mechanistic scheme is proposed to explain the results obtained by means of cyclic voltammetry and controlled-potential electrolysis.|
|Access:||Restricted access (UMinho)|
|Appears in Collections:||CDQuim - Artigos (Papers)|
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