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|Title:||Adaptation of the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV disorder for assessing depression in women during pregnancy and postpartum across countries and cultures|
Gorman, L. L.
O'Hara, M. W.
Kammerer, M. H.
Klier, C. M.
|Publisher:||Royal College of Psychiatrists|
|Journal:||British Journal of Psychiatry|
|Citation:||"British Journal of Psychiatry". ISSN 007-1250. 184:Suppl. 46 (2004) 17-23.|
|Abstract(s):||Background: To date, no study has used standardised diagnostic assessment procedures to determine wether rates of perinatal depression vary across cultures. Aims:To adapt the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Disorders (SCID) for assessing depression and other non-psychotic psychiatric illness perinatally and to pilot the instrument in different centres and cultures. Method: Assessments using the adapted SCID and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale were conducted during the third trimester of pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum with 296 women from ten sites in eight countries. Point prevalence rates during pregnancy and the postnatal period and adjusted 6-month period prevalence rates were computed for caseness, depression and major depression. Results: The third trimester and 6-month point prevalence rates for perinatal depression were 6.9 % and 8.0 %,respectively. Postnatal 6-month period prevalence rates for perinatal depression rates ranged from 2.1% to 31.6% across centres and there were significant differences in these rates between centres. Conclusions: Study findings suggest that the SCID was successfully adapted for this context. Further research on determinants of differences in prevalence of depression across cultures is needed.|
|Appears in Collections:||CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)|
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