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|Title:||Cork : properties, capabilities and applications|
|Author(s):||Silva, S. P.|
Sabino, M. A.
Fernandes, E. M.
Correlo, V. M.
Boesel, L. F.
Reis, R. L.
|Journal:||International Materials Reviews|
|Citation:||"International Materials Reviews". ISSN 0950-6608. 50:6 (Dec. 2005) 345-365.|
|Abstract(s):||Cork is a natural, renewable, sustainable raw material that has been used for many centuries. As a result of this very long term interest, the scientific literature on cork is extensive. The present review focuses on the chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties of cork and on its products and sub-products. The substantial efforts to fully characterise cork, as well as new developments and evolving research, are reviewed, beginning with its histology, growth and morphology (at macro- and microscales). The chemical structure is analysed in detail, covering both the materials that form the wall structure and the low molecular weight, extractable components. The unique properties of cork are discussed and correlated with current knowledge on morphology and chemical structure. Finally, the important industrial applications of cork are reviewed, in the context of research to provide cork with novel, high added-value applications.|
|Appears in Collections:||3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals|