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TitleVermiculite bio-barriers for Cu and Zn remediation: an eco-friendly approach for freshwater and sediments protection
Author(s)Ferronato, C.
Silva, Bruna
Costa, F.
Tavares, T.
Environment protection
Heavy metals sorption
Sediment contamination
Vermiculite clay
Issue dateMay-2016
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
CitationFerronato, C.; Silva, Bruna; Costa, F.; Tavares, T., Vermiculite bio-barriers for Cu and Zn remediation: an eco-friendly approach for freshwater and sediments protection. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(5), 1219-1228, 2016. doi: 10.1007/s13762-016-0957-8
Abstract(s)The increase in heavy metal contamination in freshwater systems causes serious environmental problems in most industrialized countries, and the effort to find ecofriendly techniques for reducing water and sediment contamination is fundamental for environmental protection. Permeable barriers made of natural clays can be used as low-cost and eco-friendly materials for adsorbing heavy metals from water solution and thus reducing the sediment contamination. This study discusses the application of permeable barriers made of vermiculite clay for heavy metals remediation at the interface between water and sediments and investigates the possibility to increase their efficiency by loading the vermiculite surface with a microbial biofilm of Pseudomonas putida, which is well known to be a heavy metal accumulator. Some batch assays were performed to verify the uptake capacity of two systems and their adsorption kinetics, and the results indicated that the vermiculite bio-barrier system had a higher removal capacity than the vermiculite barrier (?34.4 and 22.8 % for Cu and Zn, respectively). Moreover, the presence of P. putida biofilm strongly contributed to fasten the kinetics of metals adsorption onto vermiculite sheets. In open-system conditions, the presence of a vermiculite barrier at the interface between water and sediment could reduce the sediment contamination up to 20 and 23 % for Cu and Zn, respectively, highlighting the efficiency of these eco-friendly materials for environmental applications. Nevertheless, the contribution of microbial biofilm in open-system setup should be optimized, and some important considerations about biofilm attachment in a continuous-flow system have been discussed.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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