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TitleTumor - stroma interactions alter the sensitivity of drug in breast cancer
Author(s)Brancato, V.
Kundu, Banani
Oliveira, Joaquim M.
Correlo, V. M.
Reis, R. L.
Kundu, Subhas C
Keywords3D cancer models
Drug testing
Silk Fibroin
Tumor microenvironment
tumor stroma
Issue dateJun-2020
PublisherFrontiers Media
JournalFrontiers in Materials
CitationBrancato V., Kundu B., Oliveira J. M., Correlo V. M., Reis R. L., Kundu S. C. Tumor - stroma interactions alter the sensitivity of drug in breast cancer, frontiers in materials, Vol. 7, pp. 116, doi:10.3389/fmats.2020.00116, 2020
Abstract(s)Flat cell cultures or xenografts are inadequate tools to unravel cancer complex biology. 3D in vitro tumor models garnered interest since they recapitulate better dynamic mechanisms of cancer, but a gold standardmodel that faithfullymimics solid cancer is not available yet. 3D breast cancermodel is fabricated using freeze-dried silk fibroin scaffolds. Breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB231) are seeded with normal mammary fibroblasts onto silk fibroin scaffold (1 and 2mm thick). Cells proliferation is monitored by means of Alamar blue assay. 3D breast cancer models morphology is observed by confocal microscopy. Gene expression modulation concerning extracellular matrix markers is evaluated. Further, 3D bioengineered breast cancer models are treated with doxorubicin. Silk fibroin scaffolds allow the proliferation of cancer cells and fibroblasts. Cells growth is enhanced when cancer cells and fibroblasts are seeded together. Histological staining shows 3D cell organization. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, Col-1, and Fibronectin expression is upregulated in co-culture. After doxorubicin treatment, stronger reduction in cell activity is observed in 2mm SF scaffold in comparison to 1mm. The 3D in vitro breast cancer model obtained can easily be scaled-up and translated to the preclinical testing of novel chemotherapeutics.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals

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