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TitleEffects of tobacco consumption and anxiety or depression during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal health
Author(s)Pereira, Beatriz
Figueiredo, Bárbara
Pinto, Tiago Miguel
Míguez, M. Carmen
delivery complications
low birth weight
neonate’s health problems
pregnancy complications
tobacco consumption
s health problems
Issue date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
CitationPereira, B.; Figueiredo, B.; Pinto, T.M.; Míguez, M.C. Effects of Tobacco Consumption and Anxiety or Depression during Pregnancy on Maternal and Neonatal Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8138.
Abstract(s)This study analyzed the possible interaction effects between tobacco consumption and anxiety or depression during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal health. We recruited a sample of 807 pregnant Spanish women from public healthcare services. Women completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic variables, health status and tobacco consumption (continuous, quitting or no consumption) in the first and third trimester of pregnancy and at 2 months postpartum, and self-reported measures of anxiety and depression in the first trimester. Abstinence of tobacco consumption was verified through biochemical measurements. Interaction effects between tobacco consumption and anxiety were found for delivery (<i>p</i> < 0.001), neonatal health complications (<i>p</i> = 0.026) and gestational age at birth (<i>p</i> = 0.029). Interaction effects between tobacco consumption and depression were found for pregnancy (<i>p</i> = 0.032), delivery complications (<i>p</i> < 0.001) and weeks of gestation at birth (<i>p</i> = 0.031). This study suggests that there are different kinds of interaction effects between tobacco consumption and anxiety or depression. Smokers with high anxiety presented more delivery complications compared to quitters and non-smokers with high anxiety. There is a cumulative effect of anxiety on the effects of tobacco consumption on maternal health. The results highlighted the beneficial impact of quitting smoking during pregnancy to reduce the risk of suffering anxiety, depression and health complications.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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