Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

TitleEugenol-containing essential oils loaded onto Chitosan/Polyvinyl alcohol blended films and their ability to eradicate Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa from infected microenvironments
Author(s)Antunes, Joana Isabel Costa
Tavares, Tânia Daniela Eugénio
Ferreira, Marta Albertina Fernandes
Teixeira, Marta O.
Homem, Natália Cândido
Amorim, M. T. Pessoa de
Felgueiras, Helena Prado
Essential Oils
Blended Films
Wound Dressings
Wound Healing
Issue date2-Feb-2021
PublisherMDPI Publishing
CitationAntunes, J. C., Tavares, T. D., Teixeira, M. A., Teixeira, M. O., et. al. (2021). Eugenol-Containing Essential Oils Loaded onto Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blended Films and Their Ability to Eradicate Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Infected Microenvironments. Pharmaceutics, 13(2), 195
Abstract(s)Chronic wounds (CW) create numerous entryways for pathogen invasion and prosperity, further damaging host tissue and hindering its remodeling and repair. Essential oils (EOs) exert quick and efficient antimicrobial (AM) action, unlikely to induce bacterial resistance. Cinnamon leaf and clove oils (CLO and CO) display strong AM activity, namely against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Chitosan (CS) is a natural and biodegradable cationic polysaccharide, also widely known for its AM features. CS and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) films were prepared (ratio 30/70 w/w; 9 wt%) by the solvent casting and phase inversion method. The film's thermal stability and chemical composition data reinforced polymer blending and EO entrapment. Films were supplemented with 1 and 10 wt% of EO in relation to total polymeric mass. The film thickness and degree of swelling (DS) tended to increase with EO content, particularly with 10 wt % CLO (* p < 0.05). UV-visible absorbance scans in the 250-320 cm-1 region confirmed the successful uptake of CLO and CO into CS/PVA films, particularly with films loaded with 10 wt% EO that contained 5.30/5.32 times more CLO/CO than films supplemented with 1 wt% EO. AM testing revealed that CS films alone were effective against both bacteria and capable of eradicating all P. aeruginosa within the hour (*** p < 0.001). Still, loaded CS/PVA films showed significantly improved AM traits in relation to unloaded films within 2 h of contact. This study is a first proof of concept that CLO and CO can be dispersed into CS/PVA films and show bactericidal effects, particularly against S. aureus, this way paving the way for efficient CW therapeutics.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DET/2C2T - Artigos em revistas internacionais com arbitragem científica

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2021 Pharmaceutics Joana.pdf4,04 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Partilhe no FacebookPartilhe no TwitterPartilhe no DeliciousPartilhe no LinkedInPartilhe no DiggAdicionar ao Google BookmarksPartilhe no MySpacePartilhe no Orkut
Exporte no formato BibTex mendeley Exporte no formato Endnote Adicione ao seu ORCID