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TitleDetoxification of ciprofloxacin in an anaerobic bioprocess supplemented with magnetic carbon nanotubes: contribution of adsorption and biodegradation mechanisms
Author(s)Silva, Ana R.
Cavaleiro, Ana Júlia Viana
Soares, O. Salomé G. P.
Braga, Cátia Sofia Neves
Salvador, Andreia Filipa Ferreira
Pereira, M. Fernando R.
Alves, M. M.
Pereira, Luciana
KeywordsAnaerobic reduction
Magnetic carbon nanotubes
Redox mediators
Issue date13-Mar-2021
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
CitationSilva, A. R.; Cavaleiro, Ana Júlia; Soares, O. Salomé G. P.; Braga, Cátia S. N.; Salvador, Andreia F.; Pereira, M. Fernando R.; Alves, M. Madalena; Pereira, Luciana, Detoxification of ciprofloxacin in an anaerobic bioprocess supplemented with magnetic carbon nanotubes: contribution of adsorption and biodegradation mechanisms. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(6), 2932, 2021
Abstract(s)In anaerobic bioreactors, the electrons produced during the oxidation of organic matter can potentially be used for the biological reduction of pharmaceuticals in wastewaters. Common electron transfer limitations benefit from the acceleration of reactions through utilization of redox mediators (RM). This work explores the potential of carbon nanomaterials (CNM) as RM on the anaerobic removal of ciprofloxacin (CIP). Pristine and tailored carbon nanotubes (CNT) were first tested for chemical reduction of CIP, and pristine CNT was found as the best material, so it was further utilized in biological anaerobic assays with anaerobic granular sludge (GS). In addition, magnetic CNT were prepared and also tested in biological assays, as they are easier to be recovered and reused. In biological tests with CNM, approximately 99% CIP removal was achieved, and the reaction rates increased ?1.5-fold relatively to the control without CNM. In these experiments, CIP adsorption onto GS and CNM was above 90%. Despite, after applying three successive cycles of CIP addition, the catalytic properties of magnetic CNT were maintained while adsorption decreased to 29 ± 3.2%, as the result of CNM overload by CIP. The results suggest the combined occurrence of different mechanisms for CIP removal: adsorption on GS and/or CNM, and biological reduction or oxidation, which can be accelerated by the presence of CNM. After biological treatment with CNM, toxicity towards Vibrio fischeri was evaluated, resulting in ? 46% detoxification of CIP solution, showing the advantages of combining biological treatment with CNM for CIP removal.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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