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TitleGroundwater vulnerability assessment in the Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark, Portugal
Author(s)Albuquerque, M. T. D.
Roque, N.
Rodrigues, J.
Antunes, Isabel Margarida Horta Ribeiro
Silva, C.
KeywordsNaturtejo Geopark
Issue date2021
JournalAdvances in Science, Technology & Innovation (ASTI)
CitationAlbuquerque T, Roque N, Rodrigues J, Antunes IMHR, Silva C. 2021. Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment in the Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark, Portugal. In M. Abrunhosa et al. (eds.), Advances in Geoethics and Groundwater Management: Theory and Practice for a Sustainable Development, Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation, Book ID: 483413_1, chapter 46, pp. 223–228ISBN: 978-3-030-59319-3, Springer Nature 1-6.
Abstract(s)Nowadays, groundwater vulnerability assessment has become a useful tool for groundwater contamination prevention. Groundwater vulnerability maps provide useful data to protect groundwater resources and work as a tool for the improvement of changes in agricultural patterns and land use applications. The study area of this research survey is the Naturtejo UNESCO Global Geopark, located in central inland Portugal and corresponding to a mainly rural territory where intensive agricultural practices showed a rising tendency in the last decades. The most used method of vulnerability evaluation is the DRASTIC index. In this survey, a modified DRASTIC method, DRASTICAI, is introduced. A new attribute designated as Anthropogenic Influence is introduced. Map algebra in a GIS environment allowed the computation of two maps by overlaying the needed attributes. The Vila-Velha-de Rodão and Idanha-a-Nova municipalities show moderate to high vulnerability and, therefore, in need of monitoring, since intensive agricultural practices are the main economic activity. The algebraic subtraction of DRASTIC and DRASTICAI maps revealed a considerable increase in the risk of contamination, over the surveyed area, namely in Idanha-a-Nova where it is observed risk increase up to 45 points, changing from moderately vulnerable to highly vulnerable and, therefore, stressing the importance of anthropogenic activities.
TypeBook part
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CCT - Livros e Capítulos de Livros/Books and Book Chapters

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