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TitleVitis flower types: from the wild to crop plants
Author(s)Coito, Joao L.
Silva, Helena G.
Ramos, Miguel J. N.
Cunha, Jorge
Eiras-Dias, Jose
Amancio, Sara
Costa, Maria Manuela Ribeiro
Rocheta, Margarida
KeywordsVitis vinifera vinifera
Vitis vinifera sylvestris
Sex determinism
Issue date2019
PublisherPeerj, Inc.
Abstract(s)Vitis vinifera can be divided into two subspecies, V. vinifera subsp. vinifera, one of the most important agricultural crops in the world, and its wild ancestor, V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris. Three flower types can be observed: hermaphrodite and female (on some varieties) in vinifera, and male or female flowers in sylvestris. It is assumed that the different flower types in the wild ancestor arose through specific floral patterns of organ abortion. A considerable amount of data about the diversity of sexual systems in grapevines has been collected over the past century. Several grapevine breeding studies led to the hypothesis that dioecy in vinifera is derived from a hermaphrodite ancestor and could be controlled by either, one or two linked genetic determinants following Mendelian inherence. More recently, experiments using molecular approaches suggested that these loci were located in a specific region of the chromosome 2 of vinifera. Based on the works published so far, its seems evident that a putative sex locus is present in chromosome 2. However, it is still not fully elucidated whether flower types are regulated by two linked loci or by one locus with three alleles. Nevertheless, several genes could contribute to sex determination in grapevine. This review presents the results from early studies, combined with the recent molecular approaches, which may contribute to the design of new experiments towards a better understanding of the sex inheritance in grapevine.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CBFP - Artigos/Papers
DBio - Artigos/Papers

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