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dc.contributor.authorFernandes, C.por
dc.contributor.authorFaroughi, Salah Aldinpor
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, R.por
dc.contributor.authorMcKinley, Gareth Huwpor
dc.description.abstractThe ability to simulate the behavior of dense suspensions, using computationally-efficient Eulerian-Lagrangian techniques, requires accurate particulate-phase drag models that are valid for a wide range of process fluids and material parameters. The currently available closed-form drag models – which enable rapid calculation of the momentum exchange between the continuous and dispersed phases – are only valid for dilute suspensions with inelastic base fluids. The present work aims at developing appropriate drag models for moderately-dense suspensions (particle volume fractions < 20%), in which the continuous phase has viscoelastic characteristics. To this end, we parametrize the suspension properties through the Deborah number and the particle volume fraction, and compute the evolution in the drag coefficient of spheres translating through a viscoelastic fluid that is described by the Oldroyd-B model. To calculate the drag coefficient, we resort to three-dimensional direct numerical simulations (DNS) of unconfined viscoelastic creeping flows (Re < 0.1) past random arrays of stationary spheres, over a wide range of Deborah numbers (De < 5), volume fractions (φ < 20%) and particle configurations. From these calculations we obtain a closure law F(De, φ) for the drag force in a fluid described by the quasi-linear Oldroyd-B viscoelastic fluid model (with fixed retardation ratio β=0.5), which is, on average, within 4.7% of the DNS results. Subsequently, this closure law was incorporated into a CFD-DEM Eulerian-Lagrangian solver to handle particle-laden viscoelastic flow calculations, and two case studies were simulated to assess the accuracy and robustness of our numerical approach. These tests consisted of simulating the settling process in Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids within eccentric annular pipes and rectangular channels; configurations commonly employed in hydraulic fracturing operations. The numerical results obtained were found to be in good agreement with experimental data available for suspensions in Newtonian matrix fluids. For the case of viscoelastic fluids, the resulting particle distribution is presented for different elasticity numbers (i.e., El = De/Re) and particle volume fractions, and the results provide additional insights into the pronounced effects of viscoelastic matrix fluids in hydraulic fracturing operationspor
dc.description.sponsorshipMIT-EXPL/TDI/0038/2019. y FEDER funds through the COMPETE 2020 Programme and National Funds through FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) under the projects UID-B/05256/2020, UID-P/05256/2020 and MIT-EXPL/TDI/0038/2019 – APROVA – Aprendizagem PROfunda na modelação de escoamentos com fluidos de matriz Viscoelástica Aditivados com partículas (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016665). The authors would like to acknowledge the Minho University cluster under the project NORTE-07-0162-FEDER-000086 (URL:, the Minho Advanced Computing Center (MACC) (URL: https://, the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) at The University of Texas at Austin (URL:, the Gompute HPC Cloud Platform (URL: for providing HPC resources that have contributed to the research results reported within this work.por
dc.subjectRandom arrays of spherespor
dc.subjectDiscrete particle methodpor
dc.subjectDrag coefficientpor
dc.subjectViscoelastic fluidspor
dc.subjectOldroyd-B modelpor
dc.subjectEulerian-Lagrangian formulationpor
dc.titleCFD-DEM modeling of particle-laden viscoelastic flows in hydraulic fracturing operationspor
dc.subject.fosEngenharia e Tecnologia::Engenharia Mecânicapor
sdum.conferencePublication16th OpenFOAM Workshop (OFW16)por
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