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TitleImmunomodulatory and regenerative effects of the full and fractioned adipose tissue derived stem cells secretome in spinal cord injury
Author(s)Pinho, Andreia G.
Cibrão, Jorge R.
Lima, Rui
Gomes, Eduardo D.
Serra, Sofia C.
Lentilhas-Graça, José
Ribeiro, Clarisse
Lanceros-Méndez, S.
Teixeira, S. Fábio G.
Monteiro, Susana
Silva, Nuno A.
Salgado, A. J.
KeywordsAdipose stem cells
Spinal cord injury
Issue dateMay-2022
JournalExperimental Neurology
CitationPinho, Andreia G.; Cibrão, Jorge R.; Lima, Rui; Gomes, Eduardo D.; Serra, Sofia C.; Lentilhas-Graça, José; Ribeiro, Clarisse; Lanceros-Mendez, S.; Teixeira, S. Fábio G.; Monteiro, Susana; Silva, Nuno A.; Salgado, António J., Immunomodulatory and regenerative effects of the full and fractioned adipose tissue derived stem cells secretome in spinal cord injury. Experimental Neurology, 351(113989), 2022
Abstract(s)Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ASCs) are recognized to secret a myriad of molecules (secretome) know to modulate inflammatory response, promote axonal growth as well vascular remodeling and cellular survival. In previous works we have reported the benefit effects of ASCs transplanted to the injury site in a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI). Emerging evidence have shown that the therapeutic actions of these cells are a consequence of their intense paracrine activity mediated by their secretome, which includes soluble bioactive molecules and vesicles. In this study, we intended to dissect the vesicular and protein individual function, comparing with whole secretome therapeutic effect. Therefore, we identified a beneficial effect of the whole secretome on neurite growth compared with protein or vesicular fraction alone and characterized their impact on microglia in vitro. Moreover, in a compression SCI mice model, from the motor tests performed, a statistical difference was found on beam balance test revealing differences in motor recovery between the use of the whole the secretome or their protein fraction. Finally, two different delivery methods, local or peripheral (IV), of ASC secretome were tested in vivo. Results indicate that when injected intravenously the secretome of ASCs has a beneficial effect on motor recovery of spinal cord injury animals compared with a single local injection and respective controls. Overall, our results showed that the whole secretome performed better than the fractions individually, raising ASC secretome mode of action as a synergy of proteic and vesicular fraction on SCI context. Also, when intravenously delivered, ASC secretome can promote SCI animal's motor recovery highlighting their therapeutic potential.
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Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series
ICVS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Papers in international journals

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