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|Title:||H. pylori phages: from genome release to hope for use as therapy|
|Author(s):||Ferreira, Rute Vanessa Novais|
Sousa, Cláudia Sofia Cunha
Pires, Diana Priscila Penso
Gonçalves, Raquel F. S.
Pinheiro, A. C.
Melo, Luís Daniel Rodrigues
|Citation:||Ferreira, R.; Sousa, Cláudia; Presa, Eva; Pires, Diana P.; Gonçalves, Raquel F. S.; Pinheiro, Ana Cristina; Oleastro, Mónica; Azeredo, Joana; Figueiredo, Céu; Melo, Luís Daniel Rodrigues, H. pylori phages: from genome release to hope for use as therapy. EHMSG 2022 35 th International Workshop on Helicobacter & Microbiota in Inflammation & Cancer. Glasgow, UK, Sep 8-10, 2022.|
|Abstract(s):||The increasing antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori infections worldwide and the ineffectiveness of treatments led the World Health Organization to designate clarithromycin-resistant H. pylori as a high-priority bacterium for antibiotic research and development. (Bacterio)phages, viruses that infect bacteria, showing effectiveness in the treatment of pathogenic bacteria, could be a promising alternative strategy in the fight against H. pylori infections. Material and methods In this work, a collection of 74 Portuguese H. pylori-clinical strains was used to screen for the presence of phage genes, using a new PCR-based method. Selected strains were subsequently sequenced and prophage isolation was attempted using UV radiation. Three phages were isolated, one of which was further characterized genetically and biologically. Results PCR-based detection indicated the presence of target phage sequences in 14 strains, and the induction strategies resulted in the release of a new phage. It presents a genome length of 31,162 bp with a G+C content of 37.1 %. This podovirus showed capability to form phage plaques in five strains, was stable under an in vitro gastric digestion model, and was able to maintain a H. pylori population at low levels for up to 24h post-infection. Conclusion The new PCR screening method proved to be very effective in the selection of strains carrying prophages, resulting in the isolation of a new H. pylori phage. This phage presented very promising characteristics in terms of stability and efficacy, being therefore a small step towards the future use of phage therapy in the fight against H. pylori infections.|
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