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TitleBiofilm reactors
Author(s)Melo, L. F.
Oliveira, Rosário
Issue date2001
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Abstract(s)After presenting the concept of biofilms, reference is made to their importance in industry and health. Although biofilms are also well known for their deleterious effects (biofouling), emphasis is here given to the beneficial use of biofilms in wastewater treatment. The main types of biofilm reactors are briefly described and the role of support material in the adhesion and stability of biofilms is explained, taking into account the mechanisms involved in biofilm attachment. Practical procedures for the start-up of biofilm reactors are also mentioned. Biofilm growth processes are described together with their properties, structure and Performance. The advantages and disadvantages of biofilm reactors versus suspended biomass systems are discussed. The main equations of the diffusion-reaction model are developed from engineering science principles. Equations derived from the diffusion-reaction model to calculate the reactor volume are presented, together with experimental values of the kinetic parameters. Practical empirical expressions or rules-of-thumb used in the design of fixed biomass reactors are also given. An overall model to predict the growth rate of biofilms and their final thickness or mass is established. The main problems concerning biofilm reactor modelling are discussed and the "missing links" for an optimised design are identified.
TypeBook part
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Livros e Capítulos de Livros / Books and Book Chapters

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