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TitleEnzymatic synthesis of poly(catechin)-antibiotic conjugates : an antimicrobial approach for indwelling catheters
Author(s)Gonçalves, Idalina
Abreu, Ana S.
Matamá, Maria Teresa
Ribeiro, Artur J.
Gomes, A. C.
Silva, Carla Manuela Pereira Marinho da
Paulo, Artur Cavaco
Issue date2015
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Abstract(s)Biofilm formation in urinary indwelling catheters is one of the most critical issues that patients face. Catheters were coated with poly(catechin)-antibiotic conjugates with enhanced antimicrobial properties. Catechin was conjugated with two antibiotics, namely trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) via activation with N,N′-disuccinimidyl carbonate (DSC) and subsequent coupling to molecules containing α-amine moieties. Silicone and polyurethane catheters were functionalized in situ through laccase oxidation of catechin-antibiotic conjugates. Four antimicrobial coatings were produced, namely with poly(catechin), poly(catechin)- TMP, poly(catechin)-SMZ and poly(catechin)-TMP-SMZ. The bacterial adhesion reduction was tested on the functionalized devices using gram-negative and gram-positive strains. The most significant reduction in adhesion was observed with poly(catechin)-TMP (gram-negative −85 % and grampositive −87 %) and with poly(catechin)-TMP-SMZ (gramnegative −85 % and gram-positive −91 %). The cytotoxicity to mammalian cells was tested by indirect contact for 5 days and revealed that all the tested coatings supported more than 90 % of viable cells. A promising approach for the increase of the indwelling catheter lifespan was developed aiming to reduce catheter-associated chronic infections.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals
CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series
IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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