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dc.contributor.authorBaptista, Paulapor
dc.contributor.authorReis, Francisca Rodriguespor
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Ericpor
dc.contributor.authorTavares, R. M.por
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Pedro M.por
dc.contributor.authorRichard, Franckpor
dc.contributor.authorSelosse, Marc-Andrépor
dc.contributor.authorLino-Neto, T.por
dc.identifier.citationBaptista, P., Reis, F., Pereira, E., Tavares, R. M., Santos, P. M., Richard, F., … Lino‐Neto, T. (2015, November 6). Soil DNA pyrosequencing and fruitbody surveys reveal contrasting diversity for various fungal ecological guilds in chestnut orchards. Environmental Microbiology Reports. Wiley.
dc.description.abstractFungal diversity in Mediterranean forest soils is poorly documented, particularly when considering saprobic and pathogenic organisms. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods applied to soil fungi provide the opportunity to unveil the most inconspicuous functional guilds (e.g. saprobes) and life forms (e.g. Corticiaceae) of this tremendous diversity. We used fruitbody surveys over 2 years and soil 454 metabarcoding in Castanea sativa orchards to evaluate respectively the reproductive (fruitbodies) and vegetative (mycelia) parts of fungal communities in three 100-year-old stands. Analysis of 839 fruitbodies and 210 291 ITS1 reads revealed high fungal diversity, mainly shown by belowground analysis, with high (dominant) abundance of mycorrhizal fruitbodies and reads. Both methods displayed contrasted composition and structure of fungal communities, with Basidio- and Ascomycetes dominating above- and belowground, respectively. For the two dominant fungal guilds (i.e. ectomycorrhizal and saprobic), diversity above- and belowground overlapped weakly. This study is the first assessment of the complementarity of fruitbody surveys and NGS for analysing fungal diversity in Mediterranean ecosystems and shows that belowground methods still need to be completed by fruiting diversity to provide a comprehensive overview of the different fungal guilds. The results shed light on chestnut soil biodiversity and question the spatial distribution and synergies among fungal guilds.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by FEDER through the Operational Competitiveness Program (COMPETE) and by Portuguese national funds through the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) within the scope of project PTDC/AGR-AAM/099556/2008 ‘Effect of the fungus Hypholoma fasciculare on the sustainability of Castanea sativa orchards’. The authors would like to thank to Biocant (especially Dr. Conceição Egas) for pyrosequencing support.por
dc.subjectSpatial Analysispor
dc.subjectDNA, Fungalpor
dc.subjectFruiting Bodies, Fungalpor
dc.subjectSoil Microbiologypor
dc.titleSoil DNA pyrosequencing and fruitbody surveys reveal contrasting diversity for various fungal ecological guilds in chestnut orchardspor
dc.subject.fosCiências Naturais::Ciências Biológicaspor
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalEnvironmental Microbiology Reportspor
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