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TitleModification of cell volume and proliferative capacity of Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata cells exposed to heavy metal stress
Author(s)Machado, Manuela D.
Soares, Eduardo V.
KeywordsAlgal growth
Cell division
Cell proliferation
Cell size
Metal toxicity
Issue date2014
PublisherElsevier B.V.
JournalAquatic Toxicology
CitationMachado, Manuela D.; Soares, Eduardo V., Modification of cell volume and proliferative capacity of Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata cells exposed to heavy metal stress. Aquatic Toxicology, 147, 1-6, 2014
Abstract(s)The impact of metals (Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn) on growth, cell volume and cell division of the freshwater alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata exposed over a period of 72 h was investigated. The algal cells were exposed to three nominal concentrations of each metal: low (closed to 72 h-EC10 values), intermediate (closed to 72 h-EC50 values) and high (upper than 72 h-EC90 values). The exposure to low metal concentrations resulted in a decrease of cell volume. On the contrary, for the highest metal concentrations an increase of cell volume was observed; this effect was particularly notorious for Cd and less pronounced for Zn. Two behaviours were found when algal cells were exposed to intermediate concentrations of metals: Cu(II) and Cr(VI) induced a reduction of cell volume, while Cd(II) and Zn(II) provoked an opposite effect. The simultaneous nucleus staining and cell image analysis, allowed distinguishing three phases in P. subcapitata cell cycle: growth of mother cell; cell division, which includes two divisions of the nucleus; and, release of four autospores. The exposure of P. subcapitata cells to the highest metal concentrations resulted in the arrest of cell growth before the first nucleus division [for Cr(VI) and Cu(II)] or after the second nucleus division but before the cytokinesis (release of autospores) when exposed to Cd(II). The different impact of metals on algal cell volume and cell-cycle progression, suggests that different toxicity mechanisms underlie the action of different metals studied. The simultaneous nucleus staining and cell image analysis, used in the present work, can be a useful tool in the analysis of the toxicity of the pollutants, in P. subcapitata, and help in the elucidation of their different modes of action.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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